We are in an Era of Development, we are developing at every stage in every field. Scientist have developed an Artificial Thymus or Bionic Thymus, primary lymphoid organ of the immune system. In Thymus T-cells or T-lymphocytes gets mature, these particular cells are special Cancer-Fighting T-Cells produced when body demands.
Explanation about T-Cell
T-Cell is known as the sub-type of White Blood Cell (lymphocytes) that plays an important role in Cell Mediated Immunity. The majority of human T cells rearrange their alpha and beta chains on the cell receptor. These are termed as alpha beta T cells (αβ T cells) and are part of the adaptive immune system. Specialised gamma delta T cells, (a small minority of T cells in the human body, more frequent in ruminants), have invariant T-cell receptors with limited diversity, that can effectively present antigens to other T cells and are considered to be part of the innate immune system, but these artificially engineered structures would specifically target to specific forms of Cancer, boosting our immune system against invaders.
In human body, Thymus resides in front of heart engulfing blood stem cells for production of T-Cells. Thymus gets inefficient in its work either due to age or due to sickness.
Wow, a Bionic Thymus with Superpowers?
The team from University Of California, Los Angeles was able to use artificial or bionic Thymus which successfully turned Blood Stem Cells into T-Cells attacking Cancerous Growth, leaving healthy tissue alone.
T-Cells consist of Receptors which acts as a guiding map for T-Cells to attack the invaders at the site of action. Scientists have managed to bend receptor property into specialised Cancer-seeking receptors in a process known as Adoptive T-Cells Immunotherapy, even being at its early stage this technique is well justified in all sense. This technique is practised by scientists, T-Cells gets affected with spontaneously growing cancerous cells in body. T-Cells are collected from the patients, reprogrammed under Adoptive T-Cell Immunotherapy and then transfused back into the body. This includes Time Consumption issue and to overcome this, bionic thymus is created. Bionic Thymus can pump out Cancer fighting T-Cells from stem cells or donated blood. It can further reduce the time consumption in comparison to other practises.